Jan Tenbruggencate

//Jan Tenbruggencate

Mai‘a-Ki Trails

By Jan TenBruggencate All across Hawai‘i there is evidence of mai‘a-ki trails. This is a term for ancient pathways whose routes are often marked by banana and of ti plants. In many cases they are long lost pathways, identifiable only from afar, marked by the large shiny green leaves of ti-leaf plant (ki) and the [...]

By |November 27th, 2015|0 Comments

As Large Farms Decline, Small Farmers Hold Strong

By Jan TenBruggencate Photo courtesy of HDOA Kaua‘i is known as the Garden Island, but how our garden is changing. In 1982, according to the Hawai‘i Data Book, there were 410 farms on the island. The average farm size was 624 acres. Since then, the number of farms is way up, and the [...]

By |October 29th, 2015|0 Comments

Royal Treatment from a King

By Jan TenBruggencate King Kaumuali‘i's painting by Brook Parker Kaumuali‘i, the last king of Kaua‘i, belied the meme of royals as petulant needy folks. He was a superb host. He had, as one would have said generations ago, the breeding. His father was Kaeo, the brother of Maui’s famed Kahekili and son of [...]

By |September 20th, 2015|0 Comments

A Canoe Is an Island, an Island is a Canoe

By Jan TenBruggencate Two native Hawaiians are seen here with outrigger canoes in Waikiki circa late 1800s. Let’s face it. I’m a canoe nut. I’ve built them and rigged them, surfed them, sailed them, raced them across interisland channels, voyaged on them, fished off them. At various times, I’ve steered and stroked and [...]

By |August 21st, 2015|0 Comments

Bringing the Past to Life

By Jan TenBruggencate Remnants of an ancient Hawaiian rockwall at Kaneiolouma Complex are seen here, while a group of visitors learn about the place from steward Rupert Rowe. Photo courtesy of Hui Malama O Kaneiolouma The stone remnants of early Hawaiian structures are just the bones of what they actually represent. A house [...]

By |July 5th, 2015|0 Comments

The Garden Isle’s Fossil-Rich Landscape

By Jan TenBruggencate Kaua‘i geologist Chuck Blay, left, is seen here talking about geology and fossils with two members of the National Tropical Botanical Garden 2015 Environmental Journalism Fellowship. A lot of folks think of fossils in terms of dinosaurs — things a couple of hundred million years old. A place like Kaua‘i, [...]

By |June 25th, 2015|0 Comments

Hawaiian Saltmaking

By Jan TenBruggencate The salt beds in Hanapepe. Photo courtesy of Piilani Kali On hot summer days, on rocky shorelines throughout the Islands, you can find pockets of white crystals in depressions in the stones. They are places where waves deposited salty ocean water, which then evaporated in the sun to leave glistening [...]

By |May 29th, 2015|0 Comments

Prior to Agriculture, Mana Plain Was the Largest Wetland in Hawai‘i

By Jan TenBruggencate Kawaiele Waterbird Sanctuary The broad agricultural fields from Waimea to Polihale, at the base of West Kaua‘i’s cliffs, may seem like an unchanged landscape, but they are far different than in ancient days. Much of the area sometimes known as the Mana Plain was once a fertile wetland, some of [...]

By |April 25th, 2015|0 Comments

Early Hawaiians and the Universe Around Them

By Jan TenBruggencate Hanalei taro fields The sense of conservation is deep in Hawai‘i, and dates to the earliest days of human activity. There is a respect for biodiversity and the connection between people, plants, animals and the land. This doesn’t mean there were no destructive acts in land use policies of early [...]

By |March 13th, 2015|0 Comments

Ancient Hawaiian Field Systems

By Jan TenBruggencate Ulu, or breadfruit. Farming, in a way, is resource protection. When you’re growing food, you don’t need to go out and harvest wild resources. Nearly every human culture has figured that out, and early Hawai‘i was among the most agriculturally sophisticated of stone age cultures. Hawaiians managed resources in every [...]

By |February 26th, 2015|0 Comments